Vermont State Police say they will use new techniques on state waterways this summer to detect impaired boaters while conducting boating safety patrols.

The effort got underway over the 4th of July weekend.

State troopers along with representatives of Colchester Police Department, the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department and the U.S. Coast Guard discussed boating safety and efforts to enforce impaired-boating regulations at a news conference last week at Moorings Marina on Malletts Bay in Colchester.

Under a new impaired-boating initiative, law enforcement will conduct field sobriety tests in the water instead of bringing boats back to shore, officials said. Troopers said that these steps should help officers to better determine whether a boater is impaired.

Since 2015, Vermont has been above the national average for boating fatalities with 10.5 deaths per 100,000 residents, compared to the national average of 5.3, according to the Vermont State Police.

Across the United States, June and July see the highest number of alcohol-related boating incidents. Vermont has had at least one boating-related fatality each year since 2015, according to state police.

Sgt. Jay Riggen said detection efforts in the past have often fallen short.

“In the moments where we’ve been able to contact a perhaps impaired boater, our law enforcement has not historically been equipped to identify that impairment at the point of contact,” said Riggen, who serves as the impaired driving subject matter expert for the Department of Public Safety and is Vermont’s boating under the influence instructor.

In response to the statistics, Vermont State Police have trained more marine officers at other agencies and implemented new techniques to identify impaired boaters.

“While these techniques have been used successfully throughout the United States for the last decade, they are new to Vermont officers,” Riggen said. “Indeed, they will greatly evolve our ability to be the variable in detecting impairment as we seek to prevent the next tragedy.”

More officers trained

In the last few weeks, state police have trained roughly 20 more officers at three different agencies to deploy across waterways throughout Vermont with enhanced detection measures to identify impaired boaters at the point of contact, Riggen explained.

In addition, the state police have also established a new recreation enforcement team that will attempt to cover Vermont waterways such as the Lake Iroquois in Hinesburg. Patrols at Waterbury Reservoir, for example, are planned for weekends throughout the summer, according to Robert Currier, Vermont Fish and Wildlife senior game warden.

Police are expanding the types of impairment identification testing they use as well. Riggen described a series of tests created by the National Association of State Boating Law Administrators and the Coast Guard that allow an officer to test an individual for impairment without the subject having to stand up.

“They are very, very, very good at detecting people who are impaired and unable to operate a vessel safely. So good in fact, that when this battery of tests is employed, police officers who are trained in this initiative can detect impairment accurately in 91 percent of their contacts,” Riggen said.

Equally important for marine law enforcement officers is having vessels equipped with the proper technology.

In a ride-along with Colchester Police Department’s full-time marine officer Cpl. Stephen Gutierrez after Tuesday’s press conference, he explained technology on board his patrol boat such as live underwater maps that show how deep the water is. The maps contain data to indicate where prior accidents have happened, and they also can display where other police have travelled on the water.

Police boats are also equipped with thermal cameras to identify other boaters, and a hose to deal with fires. As Gutierrez motored around Malletts Bay, he talked about how police cannot ensure safe waterways alone. Vermont boaters play a big role in their own safety by being informed and prepared, he said.

‘Designated drivers’

“It’s important to have somebody who’s well-versed in how to operate the vessel that you’re on and also very familiar with the terrain and the area you’ll be navigating,” Gutierrez said. “You know, there are small islands out here that are hard to see, 5 to 11 feet below the surface.”

With live topographic maps, it’s easy to tell what areas are safe, but Vermont boaters must learn for themselves what their surrounding environment is like. During the discussion on the short ride-along, however, Gutierrez was able to point out people breaking rules and not properly aware of their surroundings. For example, one boater was moving closer than 200 feet to Gutierrez’s patrol boat, creating greater potential for an accident.

Police say that boaters also should observe good “designated driver” practices, just like they would on land.

“On the road, we choose to have designated drivers and when we choose to have alcohol going out, same should happen when you’re on the waterway,” said Gutierrez.

Riggen agreed, adding that he believes people also require a better understanding of what it means to drive under the influence on the water. The standard .08 blood-alcohol limit sometimes sends the wrong message, they said. Under Vermont law, a motor-vehicle operator or boater with a blood-alcohol level higher than .08 is considered impaired.

“That might communicate to the public that anyone below a .08 is safe,” Riggen said. “But in many cases, human beings, well before .08, start to lose their ability to do things in a safe way.”

Currier also stressed that Vermont boaters must be completely equipped and prepared for a safe outing before getting on their boat, especially when it comes to personal flotation devices, or PFDs.

“The most important thing I would suggest everyone to be aware of is to make sure that they have enough PFDs on their vessels for every individual that is on the vessel,” Currier said. It’s a law for boaters to always carry a lifejacket for everyone on board.

“Make sure they’re accessible in case an incident does occur,” he said. “A lot of times PFDs are stored in a place in a boat where it would take a while if there was a tragedy on the water for those individuals to retrieve those PFDs.”

Four fatalities so far

State, local and federal officers hope these efforts will help keep Vermont accidents — and especially fatalities — on the water in check this summer.

As of July 1, four Vermonters had died in water-related incidents; impairment was not a factor in any of the cases, state police spokesman Adam Silverman said.

On March 24, Pierre Dunnigan, 62, of Quebec, drowned on Lake Champlain while kite surfing. Husband and wife Terrence Dinnan, 71, and Marty Illick, 70, died April 19 when their board went over a low head dam on the Lewis Creek in Charlotte. Neither was wearing a life jacket. Their 3-year-old grandson was with them and wearing a life vest and survived.

On June 28, Barry Nelson, 73 of Essex Junction, died after falling into the water while pulling his sailboat from shore across the channel at the mouth of the Winooski River on Lake Champlain, Silverman said.

Across Lake Champlain, a 28-year-old man and his 3-year-old son died when their kayak overturned in Willsboro Bay across Lake Champlain in New York. According to an Associated Press report of the incident, life vests were found in the water near the pair, but it was unclear whether they were wearing them.

Community News Service is a collaboration with the University of Vermont’s Reporting & Documentary Storytelling program.

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